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The effect of organic loading rates and nitrogenous compounds on the aerobic granules developed using low strength wastewater

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
3503 173 2012 8 PDF Available
Title
The effect of organic loading rates and nitrogenous compounds on the aerobic granules developed using low strength wastewater
Abstract

The changes in microbial morphologies and structures of aerobic granules under different organic loading rates (OLR) and their tolerance toward free ammonia (FA) and free nitrous acid (FNA) were studied in this research. The development of aerobic granules was carried out in 3 stages using sequencing batch reactor, (i) synthetic wastewater with OLR of 1.2 kg/m3 day, (ii) low strength real domestic wastewater with OLR of 0.13 kg/m3 day, and (iii) domestic wastewater with added external carbon source to give an OLR of 0.6 kg/m3 day. It was found that OLR as low as 0.6 kg/m3 day was able to develop and maintain the integrity of aerobic granules. After a starvation period, aerobic granules were capable to immediately responded to the increase in substrate. Microscopic images showed that different microbial morphologies and structures were found in aerobic granules at the three different stages. The inhibitory studies of FA and FNA on the activity of aerobic granules reveals that FA at a concentration up to 36.9 mg NH3-N/L did not inhibit the oxygen uptake rate (OUR) of aerobic granules. However, FNA started to inhibit the OUR at 0.015 mg HNO2-N/L and completely stopped the oxygen consumption at around 0.134 mg/L HNO2-N/L.

► Aerobic granules (AG) can be developed and maintained using low organic loading rate (OLR) of 0.6 kg/m3 day. ► AG immediately responded to the increase in substrate after starvation for 2 months. ► The OLR and type of wastewater influence the morphology and structure of AG. ► AG was more sensitive to FNA, than FA.

Keywords
Low strength wastewater; Aerobic granules; Free ammonia and free nitrous acid inhibition; Granular morphology
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The effect of organic loading rates and nitrogenous compounds on the aerobic granules developed using low strength wastewater
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biochemical Engineering Journal - Volume 67, 15 August 2012, Pages 52–59
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us