Lysozyme extraction from hen egg white in an aqueous two-phase system composed of ethylene oxide–propylene oxide thermoseparating copolymer and potassium phosphate
The recovery and purification of lysozyme from hen egg white has been investigated in an aqueous two-phase systems composed of thermoseparating random copolymers of ethylene oxide (EO), propylene oxide (PO) and potassium phosphate. In the primary extraction step lysozyme was satisfactorily partitioned to the top polymer-rich phase in a system composed of 40% (w/w) EO50PO50, 10% (w/w) potassium phosphate, and 0.85 M sodium chloride at pH 9.0, diluted 3-fold with crude egg white, where contaminating proteins were discarded in the bottom phosphate-rich phase. After the primary phase separation the upper EO50PO50 phase was removed and subjected to temperature-induced (65 °C) phase separation, which resulted in the partitioning of pure lysozyme to the top water phase. The separation system was found to be efficient in achieving the purification of lysozyme in a high yield of 85% and specific activity of 32,300 U/mg of protein, with a purification factor of 16.9 and a concentration of lysozyme in the water phase of 2.3 g/l in two extraction steps.
Journal: Process Biochemistry - Volume 45, Issue 3, March 2010, Pages 369–374