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Isolation and characterization of a novel Arthrobacter nitroguajacolicus ZJUTB06-99, capable of converting acrylonitrile to acrylic acid

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
35139 45077 2009 5 PDF Available
Title
Isolation and characterization of a novel Arthrobacter nitroguajacolicus ZJUTB06-99, capable of converting acrylonitrile to acrylic acid
Abstract

A nitrilase-producing strain ZJUTB06-99, capable of biotransforming acrylonitrile into acrylic acid, was newly isolated from soil samples. Based on the morphology, physiological tests, ATB system and its 16S rDNA sequence, strain ZJUTB06-99 was identified as Arthrobacter nitroguajacolicus. Optimal reaction conditions were investigated by the manipulation and measurement of various parameters including pH, temperature and certain cationic metals. The highest nitrilase activity was obtained when reaction was carried out at a pH of 6.5 phosphate buffer and in temperature of 40 °C water bath. The nitrilase of A. nitroguajacolicus ZJUTB06-99 exhibited excellent thermostability. Nitrilase activity was strongly inhibited by Hg2+, Ag+ and Cu2+, but Ni2+ and Ca2+ increased enzyme activity to 163% and 158%, respectively. The investigation of substrates spectrum showed that A. nitroguajacolicus ZJUTB06-99 exhibited the highest nitrilase activity towards aromatic nitriles such as phenylacetonitrile. However, no detectable activity was recorded when any of the tested amides were used as substrates.

Keywords
Acrylic acid; Acrylonitrile; Arthrobacter nitroguajacolicus; Nitrilase; Nitrile hydratase
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Isolation and characterization of a novel Arthrobacter nitroguajacolicus ZJUTB06-99, capable of converting acrylonitrile to acrylic acid
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Process Biochemistry - Volume 44, Issue 7, July 2009, Pages 781–785
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us