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Debittering of protein hydrolysates using immobilized chicken intestinal mucosa

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
35174 45080 2010 6 PDF Available
Title
Debittering of protein hydrolysates using immobilized chicken intestinal mucosa
Abstract

Enzymatic hydrolysates of casein and soybean were treated with alginate immobilized chicken intestinal mucosa, as an aminopeptidase source, to bring about debittering. The mucosa was hygienised by irradiation (20 kGy) which brought about a complete decontamination of the tissue accompanied by a 20% loss in aminopepidase activity. The effectiveness of the process was demonstrable by a higher acceptability and a marked reduction in bitterness scores for casein (from 4.4 to 2.5) and soybean (from 3.8 to 2.2) in organoleptic analysis. The action of aminopeptidases to bring about this change was corroborated by a concomitant increase in free amino acids and a decrease in average peptide length of the samples after treatment. The RP HPLC profiles of casein and soybean protein hydrolysates before and after treatment showed a higher content of peaks in the hydrophilic region suggesting a decrease in hydrophobic peptides, responsible for bitter taste, in both the samples. Immobilization of the mucosal tissue in alginate afforded an increased pH and temperature tolerance to the enzymes. The possibility of the system for continuous operation over extended time periods is also discussed.

Keywords
Debittering; Protein hydrolysate; Aminopeptidase; Chicken intestine; Immobilization
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Process Biochemistry - Volume 45, Issue 7, July 2010, Pages 1030–1035
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us