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Development of nitrate elimination by autohydrogenotrophic bacteria in bio-electrochemical reactors – A review

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
3528 173 2012 14 PDF Available
Title
Development of nitrate elimination by autohydrogenotrophic bacteria in bio-electrochemical reactors – A review
Abstract

In recent years, the removal of nitrate as a global soil and water contaminant has been increasingly considered. Various methods have been applied to remove this inorganic pollutant from water and wastewater. Among them is an integrated “bio-electrochemical reactor” system, which is a novel method for water and wastewater denitrification. The novelty of this system is improved biological denitrification by immobilizing autohydrogenotrophic bacteria directly on the surface of a cathode, providing easy access to NO3− and H2 as the electron acceptor and electron donor, respectively. The system effectiveness depends on the configuration of reactor, and the operational and environmental parameters. Identification and optimization of these parameters are important to enhance the efficiency of the system. In this review following the introduction and explanation of the process microbiology, the bio-electrochemical process is described focusing on new configurations, and the impact of important variables, namely, hydraulic retention time, electric current, pH, and carbon source.

► We focus in this review on new innovative designs of BERs to eliminate of nitrate. ► The review explains the effects of operational and environmental factors on BERs. ► Selecting a suitable structure and configuration increases the efficiency of BERs. ► The environmental parameters play key role in efficiency of BERS.

Keywords
Nitrate; Denitrification; Autohydrogenotrophic bacteria; Bio-electrochemical; Electrolysis; Reactor configuration
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Development of nitrate elimination by autohydrogenotrophic bacteria in bio-electrochemical reactors – A review
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biochemical Engineering Journal - Volume 67, 15 August 2012, Pages 251–264
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us