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Potential use of oleaginous red yeast Rhodotorula glutinis for the bioconversion of crude glycerol from biodiesel plant to lipids and carotenoids

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
35377 45088 2011 9 PDF Available
Title
Potential use of oleaginous red yeast Rhodotorula glutinis for the bioconversion of crude glycerol from biodiesel plant to lipids and carotenoids
Abstract

Crude glycerol, a by-product of biodiesel plants, was used as the sole carbon source for concomitant production of lipids and carotenoids by oleaginous red yeast Rhodotorula glutinis TISTR 5159. The addition of ammonium sulfate as a nitrogen source and Tween 20 as a surfactant increased the accumulation of lipids and carotenoids. Among the factors investigated using response surface methodology, the C/N ratio contributed a significant effect on biomass, lipid content and production of carotenoids. The synergic effects of the C/N ratio with glycerol concentration and Tween 20 concentration were observed in the accumulation of lipids. The optimum condition for biomass was glycerol concentration of 8.5% and C/N ratio of 60, while that for lipid content and carotenoids production was glycerol concentration of 9.5% and C/N ratio of 85. The production of lipids and carotenoids were further improved in a stirred tank bioreactor with pH controlled at 6.0 and aeration rate at 2 vvm. In fed-batch fermentation, the highest lipids production of 6.05 g/L with a cellular lipid content of 60.7% and carotenoids production of 135.25 mg/L were obtained. The yeast lipids obtained have shown the favorable properties for being used as feedstock in the production of biodiesel.

Keywords
Carotenoids; Glycerol; Lipid; Optimization; Rhodotorula glutinis
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Potential use of oleaginous red yeast Rhodotorula glutinis for the bioconversion of crude glycerol from biodiesel plant to lipids and carotenoids
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Process Biochemistry - Volume 46, Issue 1, January 2011, Pages 210–218
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us