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Specific activity and viability of Nitrosomonas europaea during discontinuous and continuous fermentation

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
35434 45090 2009 5 PDF Available
Title
Specific activity and viability of Nitrosomonas europaea during discontinuous and continuous fermentation
Abstract

The energy conservation and number of viable cells of Nitrosomonas europaea fluctuate dramatically during cultivation. In discontinuous culture the specific activity (SA) reaches its maximum after 9 h with about 2700 nmol O2 (mg protein)−1 min−1, where the highest number of viable N. europaea cells is detectable after 21 h with 2 × 108 cell ml−1. Afterwards, both SA and viable cell number immediately start to decrease. Accordingly, the exponential growth turns into a linear growth, whereby the number of viable cells permanently decreases. The exponential growth phase can be extended from about 21 to 38 h by increasing the concentration of CO2 or trace elements. In continuous fermentation of N. europaea, SA of about 2500 nmol O2 (mg protein)−1 min−1 and viable cell number of 2.5 × 108 cell ml−1 is detectable at dilution rates between 1 and 1.8 day−1. At dilution rates below 1 day−1, SA and number of viable cells are reduced. The minimal doubling time is 13 and 15 h during continuous and discontinuous fermentation, respectively. Consequently, cell production of N. europaea should be performed in continuous fermentation. When bacteria are grown in discontinuous systems, they should be harvested in the early exponential growth phase.

Keywords
Nitrosomonas europaea; Specific activity; Viability; Cultivation; Growth phase; Fermentation
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Specific activity and viability of Nitrosomonas europaea during discontinuous and continuous fermentation
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Process Biochemistry - Volume 44, Issue 5, May 2009, Pages 516–520
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
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