fulltext.study @t Gmail

Single enantiomeric β-blockers—The existing technologies

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
35501 45093 2010 18 PDF Available
Title
Single enantiomeric β-blockers—The existing technologies
Abstract

A number of β-blocking drugs are available in the world market, only few compounds are found as single enantiomers. The need to use the single enantiomeric β-blockers affects development of drugs and technology. Many processes have been exploited to replace the existing racemates. Two main routes are established: (1) asymmetric syntheses and (2) racemic resolutions. The syntheses give medium-high yields and excellent enantiomeric excess, but the resolutions are limited by 50% yield. Both technologies involve new techniques such as dynamic kinetic resolution (DKR) and membrane-based extraction. The synthetic ways utilise various substrates and catalysts. A simultaneous formation is also afforded by these processes. They offer oriented alternatives to the single enantiomeric β-blockers. Resolutions of the racemates appear with many attractive separation methods. Direct or indirect resolutions show excellent characteristics and produce high enantiomeric excess. The existing processes operate continuously at mild operating temperatures compared to the asymmetric synthesis. In situ separation is also exploited. Development of the single enantiomeric β-blockers using the DKR based on enzymatic membrane(s) is encouraged. Integration of acetylation, racemisation and hydrolysis followed by separation of the enantiomers in the enzymatic membrane reactors could be a better option in resolution and separation of the β-blocker racemates.

Keywords
Single enantiomeric β-blockers; Asymmetric synthesis; Racemic resolution; Enzymatic membrane reactors; Dynamic kinetic resolution
First Page Preview
Single enantiomeric β-blockers—The existing technologies
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us
Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Process Biochemistry - Volume 45, Issue 10, October 2010, Pages 1587–1604
Authors
, , ,
Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us