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Kinetic modelling and performance prediction of a hybrid anaerobic baffled reactor treating synthetic wastewater at mesophilic temperature

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
35503 45093 2010 8 PDF Available
Title
Kinetic modelling and performance prediction of a hybrid anaerobic baffled reactor treating synthetic wastewater at mesophilic temperature
Abstract

A modelling study on the anaerobic digestion process of a synthetic medium-strength wastewater containing molasses as a carbon source was carried out at different influent conditions. The digestion was conducted in a laboratory-scale hybrid anaerobic baffled reactor with three compartments and a working volume of 54 L, which operated at mesophilic temperature (35 °C). Two different kinetic models (one model was based on completely stirred tank reactors (CSTR) in series and the other an axial diffusion or dispersion model typical of deviations of plug-flow reactors), were assessed and compared to simulate the organic matter removal or fractional conversion. The kinetic constant (k) obtained by using the CSTR in series model was 0.60 ± 0.07 h−1, while the kinetic parameter achieved with the dispersion model was 0.67 ± 0.06 h−1, the dispersion coefficient (D) being 46. The flow pattern observed in the reactor studied was intermediate between plug-flow and CSTR in series systems, although the plug-flow system was somewhat predominant. The dispersion model allowed for a better fit of the experimental results of fractional conversions with deviations lower than 8% between the experimental and theoretical values. By contrast, the CSTR in series model predicted the behaviour of the reactor somewhat less accurately showing deviations lower than 10% between the experimental and theoretical values of the fractional conversion.

Keywords
Modelling; Hybrid anaerobic baffled reactor; Synthetic wastewater; CSTR in series model; Dispersion model
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Kinetic modelling and performance prediction of a hybrid anaerobic baffled reactor treating synthetic wastewater at mesophilic temperature
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Process Biochemistry - Volume 45, Issue 10, October 2010, Pages 1616–1623
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us