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Changes of microbial population and some components in carrot juice during fermentation with selected Bifidobacterium strains

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
35527 45094 2008 6 PDF Available
Title
Changes of microbial population and some components in carrot juice during fermentation with selected Bifidobacterium strains
Abstract

Probiotics have several advantages for human health. Since most of the probiotic foods are dairy products, they cannot be consumed by humans who are allergic to milk proteins or have severe lactose intolerance. While looking for alternative food matrices, the suitability of carrot juice as a raw material for the production of probiotic food with Bifidobacterium strains (B. lactis Bb-12, B. bifidum B7.1 and B3.2) was investigated. Pasteurization of freshly prepared carrot juice at 80 °C for 20 min decreased the microbial population to below the detection limit (10 colony-forming unit (cfu)/ml). All tested bifidobacteria strains were capable of growing well on pure carrot juice without nutrient supplementation. Moreover, 107 cfu/ml initial cell concentrations resulted in 108 cfu/ml after 6 h of incubation, and were kept viable up to the end of fermentation (24 h). Volumetric productivities of B. lactis Bb-12, B. bifidum B7.1, and B. bifidum B3.2 were 2.16 × 1010 cfu/l h, 4.65 × 1010 cfu/l h, and 3.85 × 1010 cfu/l h, respectively. Due to intense metabolism of the bacteria strains, carrot juice media were acidified to a pH level of less than 4.5. During the fermentation, the amounts of glucose and sucrose decreased significantly. Meanwhile the fructose concentration did not change. Degradation of carotenoids (α-carotene and β-carotene) was between 15–45% depending on the strain used. Production of lactic and acetic acids was in the range of 14.8–16.7 mg/ml and 3.3–5.3 mg/ml, respectively.

Keywords
Bifidobacterium; Probiotic; Carrot juice; Organic acid; Fermentation; Carotenoids
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Changes of microbial population and some components in carrot juice during fermentation with selected Bifidobacterium strains
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Process Biochemistry - Volume 43, Issue 8, August 2008, Pages 816–821
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us