Production of non-monosaccharide and high-purity galactooligosaccharides by immobilized enzyme catalysis and fermentation with immobilized yeast cells
A process for producing non-monosaccharide and high-purity galactooligosaccharides (GOS) was proposed. GOS were produced from lactose by Penicillium expansum F3 β-galactosidase immobilized in calcium alginate. The effects of pH, temperature and lactose concentration on GOS production were investigated. A purity of 28.7% (w/w) GOS was obtained from 380 g/L lactose solution at pH 5.4 and 50 °C. The immobilized enzyme was used for repeated GOS synthesis and showed good operational stability. Digestible sugars in the GOS could be depleted after fermentation with Saccharomyces cerevisiae L1 or Kluyveromyces lactis L3 entrapped in the calcium alginate. Purity greater than 37% with yields greater than 27% of non-monosaccharide GOS were maintained by S. cerevisiae L1 for 19 batches and purity greater than 97% with a yield greater than 20% of high-purity GOS was produced using K. lactis L3 for two batches.
Journal: Process Biochemistry - Volume 43, Issue 8, August 2008, Pages 896–899