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Competition for H2 between sulfate reduction and dechlorination in butyrate-fed anaerobic cultures

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
35588 45097 2008 8 PDF Available
Title
Competition for H2 between sulfate reduction and dechlorination in butyrate-fed anaerobic cultures
Abstract

In this study two different microbial cultures (one constructed with lagoon sediments from an industrial area in Venice, Italy and the other with aquifer material from a chlorinated solvent-contaminated site in Rho, Italy) were investigated for their ability to dechlorinate perchloroethylene (PCE), 1,1,2,2-tetrachloroethane (TeCA) and their mixtures with butyrate as the primary electron donor (i.e., the H2-releasing substrate) in the presence and in the absence of sulfate, an ubiquitous groundwater component. In all the tested conditions, the presence of sulfate had a detrimental effect on the rate of reductive dechlorination. This effect was most likely due to the rapid and competitive utilization of H2 by the sulfate-reducing populations present in the cultures. Indeed, in all sulfate-containing setups a “steady-state” dissolved H2 concentration in the range of 0.7–2.9 nmol L−1 was typically observed during butyrate degradation. At such low H2 levels the dechlorination process was rate-limited by the electron donor availability. However, in spite of the fact that in all the sulfate-containing setups the H2 level was nearly the same (i.e., 0.7–2.9 nmol L−1) the extent of reduction of dechlorinating activity greatly depended on the culture tested and the chlorinated compound administrated (from 18% to over 95% reduction of initial dechlorination rate). The results of this study indicate that the extent of competition for H2 between sulfate-reducers and dechlorinators, and in turn the impact of an electron donor addition at a contaminated site, are strongly dependent on the relative kinetics of H2-releasing and H2-consuming reactions and cannot be predicted a priori simply based on differences in H2 thresholds concentration values among competitive metabolisms.

Keywords
Butyrate; Competition; Electron donor; Hydrogen threshold; Reductive dechlorination; Sulfate reduction
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Competition for H2 between sulfate reduction and dechlorination in butyrate-fed anaerobic cultures
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Process Biochemistry - Volume 43, Issue 2, February 2008, Pages 161–168
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us