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Influence of select extracellular matrix proteins on mesenchymal stem cell osteogenic commitment in three-dimensional contexts

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
356 38 2012 8 PDF Available
Title
Influence of select extracellular matrix proteins on mesenchymal stem cell osteogenic commitment in three-dimensional contexts
Abstract

Growth factors have been shown to be powerful mediators of mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) osteogenic differentiation. However, their use in tissue engineered scaffolds not only can be costly but also can induce undesired responses in surrounding tissues. Thus, the ability to specifically promote MSC osteogenic differentiation in the absence of exogenous growth factors via the manipulation of scaffold material properties would be beneficial. The current work examines the influence of select extracellular matrix (ECM) proteins on MSC osteogenesis toward the goal of developing scaffolds with intrinsically osteoinductive properties. Fibrinogen (FG), fibronectin (FN) and laminin-1 (LN) were chosen for evaluation due to their known roles in bone morphogenesis or bone fracture healing. These proteins were conjugated into poly(ethylene glycol) diacrylate (PEGDA) hydrogels and their effects on encapsulated 10T½ MSCs were evaluated. Specifically, following 1 week of culture, mid-term markers of various MSC lineages were examined in order to assess the strength and specificity of the observed osteogenic responses. PEG–LN gels demonstrated increased levels of the osteogenic transcription factor osterix relative to day 0 levels. In addition, PEG–FG and PEG–LN gels were associated with increased deposition of bone ECM protein osteocalcin relative to PEG–FN gels and day 0. Importantly, the osteogenic response associated with FG and LN appeared to be specific in that markers for chondrocytic, smooth muscle cell and adipocytic lineages were not similarly elevated relative to day 0 in these gels. To gain insight into the integrin dynamics underlying the observed differentiation results, initial integrin adhesion and temporal alterations in cell integrin profiles were evaluated. The associated results suggest that α2, αv and α6 integrin subunits may play key roles in integrin-mediated osteogenesis.

Keywords
Osteogenesis; Fibronectin; Fibrinogen; Laminin; Poly(ethylene glycol) hydrogels
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Influence of select extracellular matrix proteins on mesenchymal stem cell osteogenic commitment in three-dimensional contexts
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Acta Biomaterialia - Volume 8, Issue 12, December 2012, Pages 4397–4404
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us