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Effect of nitrilotriacetic acid on batch methane fermentation of sulfate-containing wastewater

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
35638 45099 2008 6 PDF Available
Title
Effect of nitrilotriacetic acid on batch methane fermentation of sulfate-containing wastewater
Abstract

The effects of nitrilotriacetic acid (NTA) on methane production and sulfate reduction during the treatment of sulfate laden organic wastewater were investigated in batch assays. The results showed that the methane fermentation was stimulated, while the sulfate reduction was inhibited. At a sodium acetate concentration of 7.0 g/L, temperature of 35 °C, and 0.9–15.0 of COD/SO42− ratio, the methane production was increased by 20.8–42.4% and sulfate reduction rate was decreased by 33.0–76.0%, in the presence of 100 μM NTA. Also, the coenzyme contents of the biomass went up from 0.12 μmol Ni/g to 0.20 μmol Ni/g (volatile suspended solids) VSS for F430 and from 0.30 μmol/g VSS to 1.06 μmol/g VSS for CoM. COD removal was also enhanced. Lack of nutrients for MPB greatly affected methane fermentation. By the addition of NTA, NTA-metal complexes formed and speciation of the trace metals in biomass changed. The amount of Co and Ni in the sulfides fraction in the biomass decreased from 145.9 and 50.0 μg/g (total suspended solids) TSS to 86.3 and 42.9 μg/g TSS, and their residual fraction increased by 4.4- and 9.0-fold, respectively. NTA boosted the internalization of Co and Ni, consequently enhancing the availability of trace metals for MPB and promoting the methane production. The results indicate that bioavailability of adequate nutrients is an important factor for MPB to compete with SRB (sulfate-reducing bacteria) in methane fermentation of sulfate-containing wastewater.

Keywords
Nitrilotriacetic acid (NTA); Sulfate-reducing bacteria (SRB); Methane producing bacteria (MPB); Methane; Trace metals; Bioavailability
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Effect of nitrilotriacetic acid on batch methane fermentation of sulfate-containing wastewater
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Process Biochemistry - Volume 43, Issue 5, May 2008, Pages 553–558
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us