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A novel surfactant-stable alkaline serine-protease from a newly isolated Bacillus mojavensis A21. Purification and characterization

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
35647 45100 2009 7 PDF Available
Title
A novel surfactant-stable alkaline serine-protease from a newly isolated Bacillus mojavensis A21. Purification and characterization
Abstract

An extracellular bleach stable protease producing strain was isolated from marine water sample and identified as Bacillus mojavensis A21 on the basis of the 16S rRNA gene sequencing and biochemical properties. The A21 alkaline protease was purified from the culture supernatant to homogeneity using acetone precipitation, Sephadex G-75 gel filtration and CM-Sepharose ion exchange chromatography, with a 6.43-fold increase in specific activity and 16.56% recovery. The molecular weight of the purified enzyme was estimated to be 20 kDa by SDS-PAGE and gel filtration. The enzyme was highly active over a wide range of pH from 7.0 to 13.0, with an optimum at pH 8.5. The relative activities at pH 11.0 and 12.0 were about 80 and 71.7% of that obtained at pH 8.5. The enzyme was extremely stable in the pH range of 7.0–12.0. It exhibited maximal activity at 60 °C. The thermostability of the enzyme was significantly increased by the addition of CaCl2. The activity of the enzyme was totally lost in the presence of PMSF, suggesting that the purified enzyme is a serine protease.The N-terminal amino acid sequence of the first 20 amino acids of the purified protease was DINGGGATLPQKLYQTSGVL. B. mojavensis A21 protease showed low homology with bacterial peptidases, suggesting that the enzyme is a new protease.The alkaline protease showed high stability towards anionic (0.1% SDS) and non-ionic (1 and 5% Tween 80 and 1% Triton X-100) surfactants. In addition, the enzyme was relatively stable towards oxidizing agents, retaining more than 79 and 70% of its initial activity after 1 h incubation in the presence of 1% H2O2 and 0.1% sodium perborate, respectively. The enzyme showed excellent stability with a wide range of commercial solid and liquid detergents at 30 and 40 °C. Considering its promising properties, B. mojavensis A21 may find potential application in laundry detergents.

Keywords
Alkaline protease; Surfactant-stable; Bacillus mojavensis; Purification
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A novel surfactant-stable alkaline serine-protease from a newly isolated Bacillus mojavensis A21. Purification and characterization
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Process Biochemistry - Volume 44, Issue 1, January 2009, Pages 29–35
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us