Purification and biochemical properties of an extracellular acid phytase produced by the Saccharomyces cerevisiae CY strain
An extracellular acid phytase was purified to homogeneity from the culture supernatant of the Saccharomyces cerevisiae CY strain by ultrafiltration, DEAE-Sepharose column chromatography, and Sephacryl S-300 gel filtration. The molecular weight of the purified enzyme was estimated to be 630 kDa by gel filtration. Removing the sugar chain by endoglycosidase H digestion revealed that the molecular mass of the protein decreased to 446 kDa by gel filtration and gave a band of 55 kDa by SDS-PAGE. The purified enzyme was most active at pH 3.6 and 40 °C and was fairly stable from pH 2.5 to 5.0. The phytase displayed broad substrate specificity and had a Km value of 0.66 mM (sodium phytate, pH 3.6, 40 °C). The phytase activity was completely inhibited by Fe3+ and Hg2+, and strongly inhibited (maximum of 91%) by Ba2+, Co2+, Cu+, Cu2+, Fe2+, Mg2+, and Sn2+ at 5 mM concentrations.
Journal: Process Biochemistry - Volume 44, Issue 1, January 2009, Pages 122–126