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Purification and biochemical characterization of a novel SDS and surfactant stable, raw starch digesting, and halophilic α-amylase from a moderately halophilic bacterium, Nesterenkonia sp. strain F

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
35673 45101 2010 6 PDF Available
Title
Purification and biochemical characterization of a novel SDS and surfactant stable, raw starch digesting, and halophilic α-amylase from a moderately halophilic bacterium, Nesterenkonia sp. strain F
Abstract

An extracellular halophilic α-amylase from Nesterenkonia sp. strain F was purified to homogeneity by 80% ethanol precipitation, Q-Sepharose anion exchange and Sephacryl S-200 gel filtration chromatography, with a 10.8-fold increase in specific activity. The molecular mass of the amylase was estimated to be 100 kDa and 106 kDa by SDS–PAGE and gel filtration chromatography, respectively. The enzyme showed maximal activity at pH 7.5 and 45 °C. The amylase was active in a wide range of salt concentrations (0–4 M) with its maximum activity at 0.5 M NaCl or 1 M KCl and was stable at the salts concentrations between 1 M and 4 M. Fe3+, Cu2+, Zn2+ and Al3+ strongly inhibited the enzyme, whereas Ca2+ stimulated the amylase activity. The α-amylase was inhibited by EDTA, but was not inhibited by PMSF and β-mercaptoethanol. The enzyme showed remarkable stability towards 0.5% SDS and sarcosyl, and 2% each of Triton X-100, Tween 80 and Tween 20. Km value of the amylase for soluble starch was 4.5 mg/ml. The amylase hydrolyzed 38% of raw wheat starch and 20% of corn starch in a period of 48 h. The major products of soluble starch hydrolysis were maltose, maltotriose and maltotetraose, indicating an α-amylase activity.

Keywords
Purification; Moderate halophile; Nesterenkonia sp. strain F; Halophilic α-amylase; Surfactant stable; Raw starch digestion
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Purification and biochemical characterization of a novel SDS and surfactant stable, raw starch digesting, and halophilic α-amylase from a moderately halophilic bacterium, Nesterenkonia sp. strain F
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Process Biochemistry - Volume 45, Issue 5, May 2010, Pages 694–699
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us