Biochemical properties and potential applications of an organic solvent-tolerant lipase isolated from Serratia marcescens ECU1010
An extracellular lipase was purified to homogeneity with a purification factor of 5.5-fold from a bacterial strain Serratia marcescens ECU1010. The purified lipase is a dimer with two homologous subunits, of which the molecular mass is 65 kDa, and the pI is 4.2. The pH and temperature optima were shown to be pH 8.0 and 45 °C, respectively. Among p-nitrophenyl esters of fatty acids with varied chain length, the lipase showed the maximum activity on p-nitrophenyl myristate (C14). The lipase was activated by some surfactants such as Gum Arabic, polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) and Pg350me, but not by Ca2+. The enzyme displayed pretty high stability in many water miscible and immiscible solvents. This is a unique property of the enzyme which makes it extremely suitable for chemo-enzymatic applications in non-aqueous phase organic synthesis including enantiomeric resolution. Several typical chiral compounds were tested for kinetic resolution with this lipase, consequently giving excellent enantioselectivities (E = 83 ∼>100) for glycidyl butyrate (GB), 4-hydroxy-3-methyl-2-(2-propenyl)-2-cyclopenten-1-one acetate (HMPCA), naproxen methyl ester (NME) and trans-3-(4′-methoxyphenyl) glycidic acid methyl ester (MPGM).
Journal: Process Biochemistry - Volume 43, Issue 6, June 2008, Pages 626–633