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Corn fiber as a raw material for hemicellulose and ethanol production

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
35869 45111 2007 5 PDF Available
Title
Corn fiber as a raw material for hemicellulose and ethanol production
Abstract

Corn fiber (CF) is a potential raw material for the production of various products because it is widely available in corn-producing countries. Corn fiber is a byproduct of the corn wet-milling industry and a very large amount of it (approximately 130 t/day) is produced in Hungary. The major component of corn fiber is the pericarp that consists of 35% hemicellulose, 18% cellulose and 20% remaining starch (protein, fiber oil and lignin are also present in this material). Corn fiber is presently used as animal feed. However, with continuous growth in corn processing to ethanol, there might be problems with the utilization of the surplus fibrous byproducts. In this paper the conversion of corn fiber to ethanol or other products was examined. Destarched corn fiber was pretreated by using different alkaline solutions and dissolved hemicellulose was precipitated with ethanol for the recovery of a valuable coproduct. The residual material consisting mostly of cellulose was hydrolyzed with cellulolytic enzymes and fermented into ethanol by using Saccharomyces cerevisiae.

Keywords
Corn fiber; Pretreatment; Hemicellulose; Ethanol fermentation
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Process Biochemistry - Volume 42, Issue 7, July 2007, Pages 1135–1139
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us