fulltext.study @t Gmail

Enrichment of dense nitrifying bacterial communities in membrane-coupled bioreactors

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
35913 45114 2008 9 PDF Available
Title
Enrichment of dense nitrifying bacterial communities in membrane-coupled bioreactors
Abstract

In this study, membrane-coupled bioreactors (MBRs) were used to enrich for dense cultures of nitrifying bacteria. MBRs were initially fed a solution containing 500 mg L−1 of ammonia (as N) until biomass accumulation stopped (>90 days), after which ammonia was eliminated from the feed solution and replaced with 500 mg L−1 of nitrite (as N). These experiments demonstrated that MBRs could successfully enrich for dense (as high as 1000 mg L−1 of cell protein) communities of nitrifying bacteria. Analysis of the bacterial community structures of these MBRs via denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis of PCR-amplified 16S rRNA gene fragments (PCR–DGGE) revealed that the bacterial communities were dominated by several species of Nitrosomonas, Nitrosospira, and Nitrobacter, as well as numerous other populations of unknown function. A curious result occurred, however, when the feed solution was switched from ammonia to nitrite. Following this transition, a Nitrosomonas sp. became especially prominent (∼60% of the total PCR–DGGE band intensity), while the Nitrobacter sp. failed to have a substantial response. This result suggests that our MBRs possibly enriched for a single bacterial population capable of the complete oxidation of ammonia to nitrate, although additional research is needed to confirm or refute this conclusion.

Keywords
Nitrification; Ammonia oxidation; Nitrite oxidation; PCR–DGGE; MBR; Community analysis
First Page Preview
Enrichment of dense nitrifying bacterial communities in membrane-coupled bioreactors
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us
Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Process Biochemistry - Volume 43, Issue 1, January 2008, Pages 33–41
Authors
, ,
Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us