Covalent immobilization of ω-transaminase from Vibrio fluvialis JS17 on chitosan beads
Chitosan beads were prepared by emulsion method and used for the immobilization of ω-transaminase of Vibrio fluvialis. The yield of enzyme immobilization (54.3%) and its residual activity (17.8%) were higher than those obtained with other commercial beads. ω-Transaminase was effectively immobilized on the chitosan beads at pH 6.0. The optimal pH of the immobilized enzyme was pH 9.0, which is the same as that of the free enzyme. The immobilized enzyme on chitosan beads retained ca. 77% of its conversion after five consecutive reactions with the 25 mM substrate, while the immobilized enzyme on Eupergit® C retained 12%. Also, the immobilized ω-transaminase on chitosan bead retained 70% of initial activity when it's stored at 4 °C for 3.5 weeks. Addition of the co-factor, pyridoxal 5-phosphate (PLP), was needed to maintain the stability of the immobilized ω-transaminase.
Journal: Process Biochemistry - Volume 42, Issue 5, May 2007, Pages 895–898