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Kinetic modeling of growth and biodegradation of phenol and m-cresol using Alcaligenes faecalis

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
36003 45118 2007 8 PDF Available
Title
Kinetic modeling of growth and biodegradation of phenol and m-cresol using Alcaligenes faecalis
Abstract

A phenol-degrading microorganism, Alcaligenes faecalis, was used to study the substrate interactions during cell growth on phenol and m-cresol dual substrates. Both phenol and m-cresol could be utilized by the bacteria as the sole carbon and energy sources. When cells grew on the mixture of phenol and m-cresol, strong substrate interactions were observed. m-Cresol inhibited the degradation of phenol, on the other hand, phenol also inhibited the utilization of m-cresol, the overall cell growth rate was the co-action of phenol and m-cresol. In addition, the cell growth and substrate degradation kinetics of phenol, m-cresol as single and mixed substrates for A. faecalis in batch cultures were also investigated over a wide range of initial phenol concentrations (10–1400 mg L−1) and initial m-cresol concentrations (5–200 mg L−1). The single-substrate kinetics was described well using the Haldane-type kinetic models, with model constants of μm1 = 0.15 h−1, KS1 = 2.22 mg L−1 and Ki1 = 245.37 mg L−1 for cell growth on phenol and μm2 = 0.0782 h−1, KS2 = 1.30 mg L−1 and Ki2 = 71.77 mgL−1, K′i2=5480 (mg L−1)2K′i2=5480 (mg L−1)2 for cell growth on m-cresol. Proposed cell growth kinetic model was used to characterize the substrates interactions in the dual substrates system, the obtained parameters representing interactions between phenol and m-cresol were, K = 1.8 × 10−6, M = 5.5 × 10−5, Q = 6.7 × 10−4. The results received in the experiments demonstrated that these models adequately described the dynamic behaviors of phenol and m-cresol as single and mixed substrates by the strain of A. faecalis.

Keywords
Alcaligenes faecalis; Biodegradation; Phenol; m-Cresol; Inhibition; Kinetics
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Kinetic modeling of growth and biodegradation of phenol and m-cresol using Alcaligenes faecalis
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Process Biochemistry - Volume 42, Issue 4, April 2007, Pages 510–517
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us