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Biodegradation of n-alkanes at high concentration and correlation to the accumulation of H+ ions in Rhodococcus erythropolis NTU-1

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
3603 177 2012 5 PDF Available
Title
Biodegradation of n-alkanes at high concentration and correlation to the accumulation of H+ ions in Rhodococcus erythropolis NTU-1
Abstract

Rhodococcus erythropolis strain NTU-1 was isolated from oil-contaminated aqueous sludge and can grow at relatively high concentration of n-hexadecane as the only carbon source. The higher concentration of n-hexadecane, the faster degradation rate by NTU-1. Approximately 20,000 ppmv (2%) of n-hexadecane were degraded in a treatment with 100,000 ppmv (10%) within 4 days of incubation. The amount of H+ ions released corresponded well to the carbon-chain length of the n-alkanes (either n-tetradecane, n-hexadecane or n-octadecane). The correspondence was 0.634 mmol H+ ions accumulated per mole of n-hexadecane biodegraded. Using this correspondence, n-alkanes consumption can be closely estimated by monitoring pH changes in the medium. This procedure presents an alternative to other complex procedures that use organic solvent extractions and gas chromatography analysis. The procedure following the H+ ions accumulation was validated in a fed-batch bioreactor operation.

► We devised a simple method to estimate the n-alkane consumption via pH monitoring. ► The method was validated in a fed-batch bioreactor operation. ► The linear relation between H+ ions accumulated and n-alkane degraded was found. ► Rhodococcus eryrthpolis NTU-1 fast degraded n-hexadecane at high concentration.

Keywords
Batch Processing; Biodegradation; Bioremediation; Bioprocess Monitoring; Rhodococcus erythropolis strain NTU-1; Hydrogen-ions accumulation
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Biodegradation of n-alkanes at high concentration and correlation to the accumulation of H+ ions in Rhodococcus erythropolis NTU-1
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biochemical Engineering Journal - Volume 63, 15 April 2012, Pages 124–128
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us