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Real evidence about zeolite as microorganisms immobilizer in anaerobic fluidized bed reactors

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
36033 45118 2007 8 PDF Available
Title
Real evidence about zeolite as microorganisms immobilizer in anaerobic fluidized bed reactors
Abstract

Using the scanning electronic microscopy, it was observed that natural zeolite possesses excellent physical characteristics as a support medium in anaerobic fluidized bed reactors (AFBR). Samples for biomass analysis were taken from two identical laboratory-scale AFBR (R-1 and R-2), which were operated with 25% of fluidization. These reactors treated distillery wastewaters (vinasses) at mesophilic temperature (30 ± 2 °C). The experiments were carried out with 0.25–0.50 and 0.50–0.80 mm zeolite particle diameter in reactors R-1 and R-2, respectively. The biomass concentration attached to zeolite in both reactors was found to be in the range of 40–45 g volatile solids/l. COD removal efficiencies as high as 90% were achieved at organic loading rate (OLRs) of up to 20 g COD/l day. The volatile fatty acid (VFA) levels were always lower that the suggested limits for digester failure. The yield coefficient of methane production was 0.29 l CH4(at STP)/g COD consumed and was virtually independent of the OLR applied. A hybridization technique (fluorescence in situ hybridization, FISH) helped determine the predominant anaerobic microorganisms that colonized the natural zeolite, which were found to be Methanosaeta and Methanosarcinaceae, observing a reduced number of sulphate reducing bacteria. The results obtained for reactors R-1 and R-2 were very similar, showing that the particle size did not significantly influence the microbial community immobilized on zeolite.

Keywords
Zeolite; Anaerobic fluidized bed reactors (AFBR); Scanning electronic microscopy (SEM); Microbial communities; Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) technique; Vinasses
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Process Biochemistry - Volume 42, Issue 4, April 2007, Pages 721–728
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us