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Enzymatic hydrolysis of chitin in the production of oligosaccharides using Lecanicillium fungicola chitinases

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
36081 45120 2006 5 PDF Available
Title
Enzymatic hydrolysis of chitin in the production of oligosaccharides using Lecanicillium fungicola chitinases
Abstract

Lecanicillium fungicola was selected among 15 strains as chitinase producer and it was used to obtain the crude enzyme (UFL) in submerged fermentation (SF) with added chitin. The UFL displayed at pH 6 and 40 °C the highest endochitinase (Endo) and N-acetylhexosaminidase (NHase) activities, 747 and 410 U/mg, respectively. Four bands of proteins with molecular weights of 123.1, 85.5, 33.1 and 23 kDa were detected in UFL by SDS-PAGE. In order to increase solubilities of the substrates, α and β-chitins were treated with alkali; degrees of deacetylation (DD) were determined 55 and 50%, respectively. Thereafter, chitin hydrolysis with UFL was carried out at 40 °C and pH 5, Endo and NHase at these conditions were 619 and 355 U/mg of protein, respectively. The partial deacetylation as well as the use of acidified reaction media improved significantly the enzyme efficiency in terms of yields of chitin oligosaccharides produced and process time. The maximum chitin oligosaccharides concentration (Pmax) obtained from α- and β-deacetylated chitins were 2.77 and 4.44 mmol/l, respectively; whereas for α-chitin it was determined a very small amount of product (0.17 mmol/l). Despite of these results, the maximum production rate (Vmax 0.0836 mmol/l h) for α-deacetylated chitin was significantly higher than β-deacetylated chitin (0.0363 mmol/l h).

Keywords
Chitin oligosaccharides; N-Acetylglucosamine; Lecanicillium fungicola; Chitinases; Enzymatic hydrolysis; Chitin
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Enzymatic hydrolysis of chitin in the production of oligosaccharides using Lecanicillium fungicola chitinases
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Process Biochemistry - Volume 41, Issue 5, May 2006, Pages 1106–1110
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
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Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
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