Stable expression of barley α-amylase in S. cerevisiae for conversion of starch into bioethanol
An industrial strain of Saccharomyces cerevisiae, NRRL Y-132, was genetically engineered to stably secrete barley α-amylase by introducing an expression cassette containing the α-amylase cDNA and a dominant selectable marker into the ribosomal DNA loci of the yeast chromosome. Batch fermentation studies with this strain showed that the integrated expression cassette was mitotically stable for over 100 generations of continuous culture. In addition, mutation of cysteine 95 to alanine in barley α-amylase was found to increase the recombinant strain's starch hydrolyzing ability. The integrated strain showed higher starch hydrolyzing ability and ethanol production on both soluble and raw starch than the strain transformed with an episomal-based yeast expression plasmid. The results indicate that integration of the gene cassette into multiple copy loci should be given consideration when designing amylolytic yeast strains.
► An industrial strain of S. cerevisiae was engineered to stably secrete barley α-amylase 1. ► Multiple integration of the expression cassette into the yeast chromosome was achieved. ► The integrated genes show high mitotic stability during batch fermentation studies. ► The engineered yeast strain can ferment on raw wheat starch.
Journal: Biochemical Engineering Journal - Volume 64, 15 May 2012, Pages 8–16