Purification and characterization of the extracellular lipase Lip2 from Yarrowia lipolytica
An extracellular lipase from Yarrowia lipolytica (YlLip2) has been purified by ion exchange chromatography on Q sepharose FF, followed by hydrophobic interaction chromatography on butyl sepharose FF. SDS-PAGE showed that the molecular weight of this lipase is about 38 kDa. N-terminal amino acid sequencing and MALDI-TOF mass spectral analysis showed that this lipase is encoded by gene LIP2 (GenBank accession no. AJ012632). Enzymatic deglycosylation showed that this lipase is a glycosylated protein which contains about 12% sugar. The corresponding deglycosylated lipase remained 88% specific activity of untreated lipase. There was a high amino acid sequence identity (91%) between YlLip2 and Candida deformans lipase CdLip1 (GenBank accession no. AJ428393). The optima temperature and pH for the purified lipase was 40 °C and 8.0, respectively. The lipase showed a preference for long chain fatty acid methyl esters (C12–C16), with the highest activity toward methyl myristate (C14). Lipase activity was stimulated by Ca2+ and Mg2+ and inhibited by Zn2+, Ni2+ and Cu2+, whereas EDTA had no effect on its activity. A 0.1% of Tween 80 and Span 65 increased slightly the enzyme activity and SDS inhibited it.
Journal: Process Biochemistry - Volume 42, Issue 3, March 2007, Pages 384–391