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Performance of an UASB reactor treating synthetic wastewater at low-temperature using cold-adapted seed slurry

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
36149 45122 2007 6 PDF Available
Title
Performance of an UASB reactor treating synthetic wastewater at low-temperature using cold-adapted seed slurry
Abstract

The present study is an attempt to investigate if a long-term acclimation of digester contents to low-temperatures would improve wastewater treatment at low-temperatures similar to mesophilic ranges. The feasibility of low-temperature (15 °C) anaerobic treatment of synthetic wastewater in an upflow anaerobic sludge blanket reactor was studied using inoculum from a cattle manure digester adapted to 15 °C. The effect of varying hydraulic retention time was studied by decreasing the retention time from 7 days to 1 day. Under a constant temperature of 15 °C with a hydraulic retention time of 1 day and a corresponding loading rate of 7.2 g-chemical oxygen demand (COD)/l/day, 90–95% removal efficiency was achieved. The methane production of 250 l/kg-COD removed at standard temperature pressure (STP) is a major highlight of the study complementing the high treatment efficiency achieved. Loading rates >5 g-COD/l/day was accompanied by increase in effluent volatile fatty acids (VFA) concentrations. Due to the presence of a high concentration of active granular sludge in the lower compartment of the reactor, 80% reduction of COD occurred within the granular bed of the reactor. Treatment of low strength wastewater for a short period showed 70–75% removal efficiencies with methane yield of 300 l/kg-COD removed. Specific methanogenic activity profiles of the anaerobic biomass revealed low-temperature (15 °C) optima, indicating selection of cold-active microorganisms during the acclimation process. The SMA assays also indicate the development of a putatively psychrophilic acetoclastic methanogenic community and biogas analysis showed 75% efficiency in energy recovery as methane.

Keywords
Low-temperature; UASB; Synthetic wastewater; Low strength; High strength; COD; Volatile fatty acids
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Performance of an UASB reactor treating synthetic wastewater at low-temperature using cold-adapted seed slurry
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Process Biochemistry - Volume 42, Issue 3, March 2007, Pages 466–471
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us