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Preparation and characterization of a novel 3D scaffold from poly(ɛ-caprolactone)/biphasic calcium phosphate hybrid composite microspheres adhesion

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
3618 178 2012 8 PDF Available
Title
Preparation and characterization of a novel 3D scaffold from poly(ɛ-caprolactone)/biphasic calcium phosphate hybrid composite microspheres adhesion
Abstract

The use of scaffold-based strategies in tissue engineering applications requires that the micro-architecture of the scaffold satisfies key micro-structural and biological requirements. In this study, we examined the effects of experimental fabrication conditions on the synthesis of a scaffold formed by a poly(ɛ-caprolactone)/biphasic calcium phosphate (PCL/BCP) hybrid composite microspheres adhesion. The goal of our study was to identify the optimal fabrication conditions. An optimized poly(ɛ-caprolactone)/biphasic calcium phosphate hybrid composite microspheres (PCL/BCP-HCM) 3D scaffold was prepared using the gas foaming and spontaneous emulsion droplets adherence (GF-SEDA) technique. Optical microscopy, μCT, SEM, mercury porosimeter, EDS, XRD, a universal testing machine, and MTT assays were used to characterize the assembled scaffolds. When the GF-SEDA technique was used under optimal conditions, the resulting novel PCL/BCP-HCM 3D scaffold had a micro-porous homogenous structure composed of PCL and BCP with a large distribution of pore sizes (ranging from 0.01 to 1000 μm) and highly interconnected micro-pores. In addition, the total porosity of the scaffold was 74% with a compressive strength of 0.82 MPa. Furthermore, an in vitro study of cell-scaffold interaction demonstrated that cell adhesion, growth, and proliferation were significant over the course of 5 days in culture.

Graphical abstractFigure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload as PowerPoint slideHighlights► In this study, experimental conditions were varied to obtain the a novel PCL/BCP-HCM 3D scaffold. ► NH4HCO3 was used as a key to create the high porous scaffold. ► Morphology, structure and components of scaffold, mechanical, and pore size distribution were characterized. ► The cytotoxicity result, SEM cell morphology and confocal image showed cell adhesion and proliferation very well on scaffold. ► This scaffold keeps a promise apply for bone tissue engineering.

Keywords
PCL/BCP-HCM 3D scaffold; GF-SEDA; In vitro study; Composite; Adhesion; Porous
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Preparation and characterization of a novel 3D scaffold from poly(ɛ-caprolactone)/biphasic calcium phosphate hybrid composite microspheres adhesion
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biochemical Engineering Journal - Volume 64, 15 May 2012, Pages 76–83
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us