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Kinetics and mechanism of methylene blue sorption onto palm kernel fibre

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
36309 45128 2007 9 PDF Available
Title
Kinetics and mechanism of methylene blue sorption onto palm kernel fibre
Abstract

The kinetics and mechanism of the sorptive removal of methylene blue dye from aqueous solution using palm kernel fibre as adsorbent have been investigated. Batch kinetic experiments were performed and system variables investigated includes pH and initial dye concentration. The kinetic data were fitted to the pseudo-first, pseudo-second, intraparticle diffusion and mass transfer models. The pseudo-first order reaction kinetics fitted to the experimental data only in the first 5 min of sorption and then deviated, while the pseudo-second order kinetic model was found to fit the experimental data for the entire sorption period with high coefficient of determination. Equations were developed using the pseudo-second order model, which predicts the amounts of methylene blue at any contact time and initial concentration within the given range. This suggests that the sorption of methylene blue onto palm kernel fibre follows a chemical activation mechanism. A mathematical relationship was also drawn between the equilibrium sorption capacity and the change in pH (ΔH+) at the end of the kinetic experiments with varying initial dye concentration, supporting the fact that chemical reaction (ion exchange) occurred and is important in the rate determining step. Mass transfer was found to be favoured at high concentrations while intraparticle diffusion was favoured at low concentrations.

Keywords
Palm kernel fibre; Methylene blue; Kinetic models; Diffusion processes; Rate limiting step
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Process Biochemistry - Volume 42, Issue 1, January 2007, Pages 16–24
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us