fulltext.study @t Gmail

Optimizing the removal of fluoride from water using new carbons obtained by modification of nut shell with a calcium solution from egg shell

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
3637 180 2012 7 PDF Available
Title
Optimizing the removal of fluoride from water using new carbons obtained by modification of nut shell with a calcium solution from egg shell
Abstract

Carbons loaded with specific chemical moieties were prepared from pecan nut shells employing a natural modifier agent obtained from egg shell, which is rich in calcium, for the selective adsorption of fluoride from water. A L4 orthogonal array of the Taguchi method was used to optimize the synthesis conditions for obtaining these selective carbons. The samples obtained were characterized and the elemental composition, textural parameters and morphology were determined. Fluoride adsorption experiments were performed in synthetic and real groundwater samples. Results showed that carbons obtained from pecan nut shells modified with a calcium solution extracted from egg shells (CMPNS) were more effective for fluoride removal than those using the nut shell precursor as such. The calcium chemical species on the carbon surfaces were more important in the fluoride adsorption process than the carbon textural parameters. In addition, hydrogencarbonate was found to be the main competitor for the active sites of CMPNS during the fluoride removal process.

Graphical abstractCarbons with specific calcium compounds were obtained from pecan nut shells modified with a calcium solution extracted from egg shells and they were efficient for the fluoride removal.Figure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload as PowerPoint slideHighlights► The pecan shells (PS) are an abundant waste derived of nut processing. ► The PS was used as precursor of activated carbon. ► The carbon was activated with a calcium solution extracted from egg shells. ► The activated carbon with calcium moieties were used in the fluoride removal from water. ► The calcium moieties are playing an important role in the fluoride adsorption mechanism.

Keywords
Activated carbon; Adsorption; Calcium; Egg shell; Fluoride; Pecan nut shell
First Page Preview
Optimizing the removal of fluoride from water using new carbons obtained by modification of nut shell with a calcium solution from egg shell
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us
Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biochemical Engineering Journal - Volume 62, 15 March 2012, Pages 1–7
Authors
, , , ,
Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us