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Employment of reactive oxygen species to enhance astaxanthin formation in Chlorella zofingiensis in heterotrophic culture

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
36506 45134 2005 6 PDF Available
Title
Employment of reactive oxygen species to enhance astaxanthin formation in Chlorella zofingiensis in heterotrophic culture
Abstract

The advantages of using heterotrophic cultivation for commercial production of the high-value ketocarotenoid astaxanthin by microalgae have been emphasized in recent years [Chen F. High cell density culture of microalgae in heterotrophic growth. Trends Biotechnol 1996;14:421–5; Chen F, Chen H, Gong X. Mixotrophic and heterotrophic growth of Haematococcus lacustris and rheological behaviour of the cell suspensions. Bioresour Technol 1997;62:19–24; Ip PF, Chen F. Production of astaxanthin by the green microalga Chlorella zofingiensis in the dark. Process Biochem 2005;40:733–8]. In a heterotrophic culture where light is not provided, the employment of oxidative stress is essential for promoting the formation of secondary carotenoids including astaxanthin. In the present study, oxidative treatment imposed by chemically generated reactive oxygen species (ROS) including the hydroxyl radicals (OH) and singlet oxygen (1O2) for inducing carotenogenesis and astaxanthin production by C. zofingiensis in heterotrophic culture was investigated. OH stimulated secondary carotenoids accumulation significantly, whereas 1O2 did not. The addition of 0.1 mM hydrogen peroxide to the culture leading to the generation of OH enhanced the yield of astaxanthin from 9.9 mg l−1 to 12.58 mg l−1. These results indicate that the application of a suitable type and dosage of ROS is potentially useful for mass production of astaxanthin by C. zofingiensis in heterotrophic culture.

Keywords
Chlorella zofingiensis; Heterotrophic culture; Secondary carotenoids; Astaxanthin; Oxidative stress; Reactive oxygen species
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Employment of reactive oxygen species to enhance astaxanthin formation in Chlorella zofingiensis in heterotrophic culture
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Process Biochemistry - Volume 40, Issue 11, November 2005, Pages 3491–3496
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us