fulltext.study @t Gmail

Dilute acid pretreatment, enzymatic saccharification and fermentation of wheat straw to ethanol ☆

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
36576 45137 2005 8 PDF Available
Title
Dilute acid pretreatment, enzymatic saccharification and fermentation of wheat straw to ethanol ☆
Abstract

Wheat straw consists of 48.57 ± 0.30% cellulose and 27.70 ± 0.12% hemicellulose on dry solid (DS) basis and has the potential to serve as a low cost feedstock for production of ethanol. Dilute acid pretreatment at varied temperature and enzymatic saccharification were evaluated for conversion of wheat straw cellulose and hemicellulose to monomeric sugars. The maximum yield of monomeric sugars from wheat straw (7.83%, w/v, DS) by dilute H2SO4 (0.75%, v/v) pretreatment and enzymatic saccharification (45 °C, pH 5.0, 72 h) using cellulase, β-glucosidase, xylanase and esterase was 565 ± 10 mg/g. Under this condition, no measurable quantities of furfural and hydroxymethyl furfural were produced. The yield of ethanol (per litre) from acid pretreated enzyme saccharified wheat straw (78.3 g) hydrolyzate by recombinant Escherichia coli strain FBR5 was 19 ± 1 g with a yield of 0.24 g/g DS. Detoxification of the acid and enzyme treated wheat straw hydrolyzate by overliming reduced the fermentation time from 118 to 39 h in the case of separate hydrolysis and fermentation (35 °C, pH 6.5), and increased the ethanol yield from 13 ± 2 to 17 ± 0 g/l and decreased the fermentation time from 136 to 112 h in the case of simultaneous saccharification and fermentation (35 °C, pH 6.0).

Keywords
Wheat straw; Fuel ethanol; Dilute acid pretreatment; Enzymatic sacciarification; Separate hydrolysis and fermentation; Simultaneous saccharification and fermentation
First Page Preview
Dilute acid pretreatment, enzymatic saccharification and fermentation of wheat straw to ethanol ☆
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us
Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Process Biochemistry - Volume 40, Issue 12, December 2005, Pages 3693–3700
Authors
, , , ,
Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us