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Bioaccumulation of reactive dyes by thermophilic cyanobacteria

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
36611 45138 2006 6 PDF Available
Title
Bioaccumulation of reactive dyes by thermophilic cyanobacteria
Abstract

Thermophilic cyanobacterial strains that could grow in the BG 11 media was isolated from hot springs and their reactive dye bioaccumulation was studied under thermophilic conditions in a batch system, in order to determine the optimal conditions required for the highest dye accumulation. In the experiments performed with newly isolated Synechococcus sp. and Phormidium sp., the optimum pH value of each microorganisms at about 25 mg l−1 initial reactive dye concentration was determined as 8.5 for Remazol Blue and Reactive Black B dyes and 9.5 for Reactive Red RB dye. At the optimum pH value of each dye, dye bioaccumulation by thermophilic cyanobacteria was investigated between 10 mg l−1 and 78 mg l−1 initial dye concentrations at 45 °C. At the end of the experiments, Phormidium sp. was shown high dye bioaccumulation than the Synechococcus sp., with maximum uptake yields ranging from 13% to 97% at all tested dye concentrations. In the experiments with Synechococcus sp., the maximum uptake yields were ranged from 8% to 66% for all dye concentrations. When the effect of temperatures on dye bioaccumulation were investigated, the highest uptake yields at high dye concentrations for Synechococcus sp. was measured as 23.0% for 78.3 mg l−1 Reactive Red RB, 39.9% for 72.4 mg l−1 Remazol Blue and 13.7% for 62.0 mg l−1 Reactive Black B at 40 °C temperatures. At the same temperature, the uptake yield of Phormidium sp. varied between 38.5% and 40.7% at 75 mg l−1 initial dye concentration. When the high temperature (50 °C) was used, Phormidium sp. was showed to have high dry weight and bioaccumulation yield than the Synechococcus sp., which can be considered as satisfactory in terms of dye removal from subject wastewater effluents under thermophilic conditions.

Keywords
Microalgae; Bioaccumulation; Reactive dye; Thermophile; Isolation
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Process Biochemistry - Volume 41, Issue 4, April 2006, Pages 836–841
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us