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Equilibrium and kinetic modelling of Pb2+ biosorption by granulated agar extraction algal waste

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
36659 45139 2005 9 PDF Available
Title
Equilibrium and kinetic modelling of Pb2+ biosorption by granulated agar extraction algal waste
Abstract

An algal industrial waste from the agar extraction process was immobilized with an organic polymer (polyacrylonitrile, PAN) and used as a biosorbent for Pb2+ removal from aqueous solutions. The effects of the initial concentration, stirring velocity and particles diameter on Pb2+ biosorption were investigated in a batch system in order to explain the adsorption mechanism. Uptake kinetics follows the second-order Lagergren model and equilibrium is well described by the Langmuir isotherm. Maximum biosorption capacity of the composite material was found to be 20.5 ± 0.8 mg Pb2+/g. Kinetic constants vary with the initial metal concentration. The adsorptive behaviour of biosorbent particles was modelled using a batch reactor mass transfer kinetic model. The model successfully predicts Pb2+ concentration profiles and provides significant insights on the biosorbent performance.The homogeneous diffusion coefficient (Dh) for particles with diameter between 0.5 < dp < 1 mm and for an initial concentration of 94 mg Pb2+/l solution was found to be 3.2 × 10−8 cm2 s−1.

Keywords
Biosorption; Lead; Agar extraction algal waste; Isotherms; Kinetic modelling; Composite biosorbent
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Equilibrium and kinetic modelling of Pb2+ biosorption by granulated agar extraction algal waste
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Process Biochemistry - Volume 40, Issue 10, October 2005, Pages 3276–3284
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us