Degradation of toluene vapor in a hydrophobic polyethylene hollow fiber membrane bioreactor with Pseudomonas putida
A toluene degrading microorganism, Pseudomonas putida type A1, was isolated and enriched to treat toluene vapor in a hollow fiber membrane bioreactor. Prior to the membrane reactor experiments, a set of batch experiments using this microorganism was conducted to examine the effect of oxygen levels on the microbial activity. It was found that a low oxygen level does limit the degradation rate of toluene. A hydrophobic hollow fiber module was developed for biological degradation of toluene vapor with enhanced oxygen transfer capabilities. A hydrophobic polyethylene microfiltration hollow fiber membrane bioreactor showed that toluene removal efficiencies were consistently kept in the range of 86–97% at the loads of 0.85–4.3 kg Tol./m3 day for 150 days. The result showed that a hollow fiber membrane bioreactor system would be a useful choice for treating air emissions containing volatile organic compounds (VOC).
Journal: Process Biochemistry - Volume 40, Issue 6, May 2005, Pages 2015–2020