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Continuous production of biodiesel from fat extracted from lamb meat in supercritical CO2 media

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
3669 181 2012 5 PDF Available
Title
Continuous production of biodiesel from fat extracted from lamb meat in supercritical CO2 media
Abstract

Waste animal fat is considered a promising cheap alternative feedstock for biodiesel production that does not compete with food stock. In addition, using waste animal fat as a feedstock is considered a waste management process. In this work, an integrated process for a continuous fat extraction from lamb meat followed by enzymatic production of biodiesel in supercritical CO2 has been developed and tested. The system simultaneously produces two valuable products, namely biodiesel and healthy low-fat lean lamb meat (HLFLM). For the enzymatic process to be feasible, lipase is preferred to be used in immobilized form, which allows easy reuse. The continuous system was operated at 200 bar and a SC-CO2 flow of 0.5 ml min−1, with extraction and transesterification temperatures of 45 °C and 50 °C, respectively. The effects of methanol:fat (M:F) molar ratio and enzyme stability were investigated. It was found that with fresh enzyme, a M:F molar ratio of 10:1 gave the highest biodiesel production rate of 0.37 mg min−1 g-enzyme−1 compared to only 0.09 mg min−1 g-enzyme−1 using a M:F molar ratio of 5:1. However, when a M:F molar ratio of 10:1 was used, the activity of the enzyme in the third meat replacement cycle drastically dropped to 18% of its original value, compared to 79% using a M:F molar ratio of 5:1.

► A system of meat fat extraction and biodiesel production in SC-CO2 was developed. ► Two valuable products are simultaneously produced: biodiesel and low-fat lean meat. ► Effects of methanol:fat molar ratio and enzyme stability were investigated. ► Highest biodiesel production rate was achieved when methanol:fat ratio was 10:1. ► The enzyme best maintained its activity at methanol:fat ratio of 5:1.

Keywords
Continuous operation; Waste animal fat; Biodiesel; Lipase; Supercritical CO2
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Continuous production of biodiesel from fat extracted from lamb meat in supercritical CO2 media
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biochemical Engineering Journal - Volume 60, 15 January 2012, Pages 106–110
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us