Simultaneous and comparative assessment of parent and mutant strain of Rhizobium meliloti for nutrient limitation and enhanced polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA) production using optimization studies
Nutrient limitation conditions, optimization and comparison of polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA) yields and biomass production by parent and mutant strains of Rhizobium meliloti were investigated. Complex interactions among concentrations of sucrose (5–55 g/l), urea (0.05–0.65 g/l) inoculum (10–250 ml/l) and K2HPO4 (0.5–2 g/l), were studied using central composite rotatable design (CCRD) experiments. Phosphate-limiting medium (0.33 g K2HPO4/l) in the presence of excess carbon (sucrose 42.5 g/l) results in more production of PHA (2.2 g/l) in the parent strain. In comparison, the mutant strain required moderate levels of sucrose (30 g/l), along with excess of phosphate (1 g/l) for high PHA content of cell biomass (80%) and PHA yield (3.3 g/l). Optimised PHA production (biomass 4.8 g/l and PHA 3.09 g/l) by the parent strain occurred at: sucrose 51.58 g/l, urea 0.65 g/l, K2HPO4 0.48 g/l and inoculum 10 ml/l. In the mutant strain, higher yields of biomass (9.05 g/l) and PHA (5.66 g/l) were obtained in Optimised medium containing: sucrose 55 g/l, urea 0.65 g/l, K2HPO4 1.0 g/l and inoculum 150.58 ml/l.
Journal: Process Biochemistry - Volume 39, Issue 12, 29 October 2004, Pages 1977–1983