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Glycoconjugates and Glycomimetics as Microbial Anti-Adhesives

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
36818 45269 2016 13 PDF Available
Title
Glycoconjugates and Glycomimetics as Microbial Anti-Adhesives
Abstract

Microbial adhesion is an essential step in infection and is mediated primarily by protein–carbohydrate interactions. Antagonists of such interactions have become a promising target for anti-adhesive therapy in several infective diseases. Monovalent protein–sugar interactions are often weak, and most successful anti-adhesive materials consist of multivalent glycoconjugates. Although often very effective in hampering microbial adhesion, natural epitopes often show limited resistance to enzymatic degradation. The use of carbohydrate mimics (glycomimetics) as a replacement for natural sugars potentially allows higher metabolic stability and also higher selectivity towards the desired protein target. In this review we describe the state of the art in the design and synthesis of glycoconjugates and glycomimetics employed for the construction of anti-adhesive biomaterials.

TrendsIncreasing antibiotic resistance is drawing attention to anti-adhesive approaches for the treatment of infections.Microbial adhesion to host cells can be antagonized by disrupting the sugar–protein interactions that drive it.Antagonists can be targeted either to bacterial adhesins or to host glycan receptors.Effective anti-adhesive biomaterials have been created using multivalent glycoconjugates and glycomimetics.

Keywords
adhesins; lectins; FimH; DC-SIGN; anti-adhesion therapy
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: - Volume 34, Issue 6, June 2016, Pages 483–495
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us