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Lytic Polysaccharide Monooxygenases in Biomass Conversion

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
36844 45273 2015 15 PDF Available
Title
Lytic Polysaccharide Monooxygenases in Biomass Conversion
Abstract

The derivation of second-generation biofuels from non-edible biomass is viewed as crucial for establishing a sustainable bio-based economy for the future. The inertness of lignocellulosic biomass makes its breakdown for conversion into fuels and other compounds a challenge. Enzyme cocktails can be utilized in the bio-refinery for lignocellulose deconstruction but until recently their costs were regarded as high. Lytic polysaccharide monooxygenases (LPMOs) offer tremendous promise for further process improvements owing to their ability to boost the activity of biomass-degrading enzyme consortia. Combining data from multiple disciplines, progress has been made in understanding the biochemistry of LPMOs. We review the academic literature in this area and highlight some of the key questions that remain.

TrendsLPMOs have emerged as key enzymes utilized in biology for the degradation of biomass.The identification of new LPMO families and LPMOs within already known families with new enzyme activities is considerably expanding our knowledge of biomass degradation in biology.Efforts to understand the chemistry of these enzymes, which catalyze one of the most challenging oxidations in Nature, has important implications beyond biomass breakdown.Demonstrable benefits of LPMO action on industrially-relevant biomass offer increased hope for the development of a more sustainable bio-based economy for the future.

Keywords
lytic polysaccharide monooxygenase; lignocellulose; chitin; starch; biomass conversion
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: - Volume 33, Issue 12, December 2015, Pages 747–761
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us