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Overcoming Gene-Delivery Hurdles: Physiological Considerations for Nonviral Vectors

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
36878 45278 2016 15 PDF Available
Title
Overcoming Gene-Delivery Hurdles: Physiological Considerations for Nonviral Vectors
Abstract

With the use of contemporary tools and techniques, it has become possible to more precisely tune the biochemical mechanisms associated with using nonviral vectors for gene delivery. Consequently, nonviral vectors can incorporate numerous vector compositions and types of genetic cargo to develop diverse genetic therapies. Despite these advantages, gene-delivery strategies using nonviral vectors have poorly translated into clinical success due to preclinical experimental design considerations that inadequately predict therapeutic efficacy. Furthermore, the manufacturing and distribution processes are critical considerations for clinical application that should be considered when developing therapeutic platforms. In this review, we evaluate potential avenues towards improving the transition of gene-delivery technologies from in vitro assessment to human clinical therapy.

TrendsThe rise of CRISPR-mediated genome editing provides a powerful tool for use in genetic-engineering applications. Although recent studies using human embryos demonstrated off-target effects, CRISPR may eventually demonstrate utility in gene therapy applications.Within complicated human systems, there is greater potential for adverse effects that may not be observed in preclinical studies. An example of this is the occurrence of leukemia in patients receiving treatment for X-linked severe combined immune deficiency (SCID) using adeno-associated viral vectors (AAVs).Clinical translation is often impaired by limitations associated with the in vitro experiments conducted to validate the vector formulations. These assays often assess only one aspect of gene delivery in a nontherapeutic context. For instance, many clinical trials have demonstrated limited efficacy due to the loss of transgene expression over time.Another impediment is the tendency for in vitro experiments to poorly represent physiological conditions. Vector circulation and clearance, as well as nuclear translocation of the genetic cargo, are critical aspects of gene delivery that are not adequately addressed using conventional experimental design. For instance, immune responses to treated cells impaired the efficacy of gene therapy approaches for treating hemophilia B and lipoprotein lipase deficiency.

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Overcoming Gene-Delivery Hurdles: Physiological Considerations for Nonviral Vectors
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: - Volume 34, Issue 2, February 2016, Pages 91–105
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us