Selection, breeding and engineering of microalgae for bioenergy and biofuel production
Microalgal production technologies are seen as increasingly attractive for bioenergy production to improve fuel security and reduce CO2 emissions. Photosynthetically derived fuels are a renewable, potentially carbon-neutral and scalable alternative reserve. Microalgae have particular promise because they can be produced on non-arable land and utilize saline and wastewater streams. Furthermore, emerging microalgal technologies can be used to produce a range of products such as biofuels, protein-rich animal feeds, chemical feedstocks (e.g. bioplastic precursors) and higher-value products. This review focuses on the selection, breeding and engineering of microalgae for improved biomass and biofuel conversion efficiencies.
Journal: - Volume 30, Issue 4, April 2012, Pages 198–205