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Kinetic modeling of lipase-catalyzed glycerolysis of olive oil

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
3704 183 2011 9 PDF Available
Title
Kinetic modeling of lipase-catalyzed glycerolysis of olive oil
Abstract

This work reports experimental data and the kinetic modeling of monoacylglycerols (MAG) and diacylglycerols (DAG) production from olive oil using a commercial immobilized lipase (Novozym 435) and tert-butanol as solvent. The kinetic modeling presented is based on the ordered-sequential Bi Bi mechanism considering glycerolysis and hydrolysis/esterification steps. Moreover, an empirical enzyme deactivation term, due to an excess of glycerol in the system, is proposed. The experiments were performed in batch mode evaluating the effects of temperature (40–70 °C), enzyme concentration (2.5–15 wt%) and glycerol to oil (G:O) molar ratio (0.5:1.5–6:1). Good conversions of MAG (∼65 wt%) and DAG (∼57 wt%) were obtained with relatively low enzyme concentrations (10 wt %) in relatively short reaction times (720 min) for different initial G:O molar ratios. A very satisfactory agreement between the experimental data and modeling results was obtained under various conditions of enzyme concentration, glycerol to olive oil molar ratio and temperature, thus allowing a better understanding of the reaction kinetics.

Research highlights▶ We model the lipase-catalyzed glycerolysis of olive oil. ▶ The ordered-sequential Bi Bi mechanism was proposed. ▶ An empirical deactivation term was efficiently introduced. ▶ DAG yields are favored at low initial amounts of glycerol.

Keywords
Glycerolysis; Kinetic modeling; Lipase-catalyzed; Olive oil; Monoacylglycerols; Diacylglycerols
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biochemical Engineering Journal - Volume 56, Issue 3, 15 October 2011, Pages 107–115
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us