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Decolorization of a tannery dye: From fungal screening to bioreactor application

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
3714 183 2011 6 PDF Available
Title
Decolorization of a tannery dye: From fungal screening to bioreactor application
Abstract

In the present work, the potential of three white-rot fungi (WRF) (Trametes versicolor, Ganoderma lucidum and Irpex lacteus) to decolorize the commercial tannery dye – Black Dycem – was investigated. The decolorization ability of the three strains was studied in primary and secondary screenings. The results indicated that T. versicolor displayed the greatest decolorization ability, both in terms of extent and rapidity. To assess the potential of T. versicolor, decolorization tests were performed in single and repeated batches in an air-pulsed bioreactor with biomass reuse. Although low enzyme activity was detected during the repeated batches, the decolorization capability of the fungus did not decrease, and T. versicolor was able to remove 86–89% of the dye. Further experiments were conducted in order to elucidate the enzymatic activities involved in the dye biodegradation process. The results proved that the biodegradation mechanism plays a noticeable role in the decolorization process of the dye, in addition to adsorption phenomenon occurring on the fungal surface. Moreover, it was shown that laccase is involved in the decolorization process, although a mediator is required. Killed fungus presented an appreciable color removal even in repeated batches, suggesting that dead cells are an effective biosorbent.

► Trametes versicolor displayed the greatest decolorization ability of a tannery dye. ► The fungus continue to remove the dye during the three batches. ► The overall color removal by T. versicolor is due to two mechanisms: adsorption and biodegradation. ► Laccase is involved in the decolorization process but mediator is required. ► The appreciable color removal observed by dead cells suggested their use as an effective biosorbent.

Keywords
White-rot fungi; Tannery dye; Sequence batch reactor; Enzymatic system
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biochemical Engineering Journal - Volume 56, Issue 3, 15 October 2011, Pages 184–189
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us