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Pathogen-associated molecular patterns on biomaterials: a paradigm for engineering new vaccines

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
37194 45321 2011 13 PDF Available
Title
Pathogen-associated molecular patterns on biomaterials: a paradigm for engineering new vaccines
Abstract

Vaccine development has progressed significantly and has moved from whole microorganisms to subunit vaccines that contain only their antigenic proteins. Subunit vaccines are often less immunogenic than whole pathogens; therefore, adjuvants must amplify the immune response, ideally establishing both innate and adaptive immunity. Incorporation of antigens into biomaterials, such as liposomes and polymers, can achieve a desired vaccine response. The physical properties of these platforms can be easily manipulated, thus allowing for controlled delivery of immunostimulatory factors and presentation of pathogen-associated molecular patterns (PAMPs) that are targeted to specific immune cells. Targeting antigen to immune cells via PAMP-modified biomaterials is a new strategy to control the subsequent development of immunity and, in turn, effective vaccination. Here, we review the recent advances in both immunology and biomaterial engineering that have brought particulate-based vaccines to reality.

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Pathogen-associated molecular patterns on biomaterials: a paradigm for engineering new vaccines
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: - Volume 29, Issue 6, June 2011, Pages 294–306
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
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