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Preparation and modification of chitosan particles for Rhizomucor miehei lipase immobilization

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
3732 184 2011 9 PDF Available
Title
Preparation and modification of chitosan particles for Rhizomucor miehei lipase immobilization
Abstract

Chitosan particles, suitable as immobilization support, were prepared by precipitation and modified by reductive amination in order to graft linear aliphatic chains of 12 carbon atoms to their native amine groups. Their physical characterization was performed by different techniques: differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), air–water contact angle analysis, among others. Lipases from Rhizomucor miehei (RM) were immobilized by adsorption at low ionic strength onto different modified chitosan microspheres. Their ability to catalyze the acidolysis reaction between sunflower oil and palmitic and stearic free fatty acids was evaluated in a solvent medium. Effects of modification conditions on the particles hydrophobic character, lipase adsorption and acidolysis activity were investigated. Modified particles were bigger and more hydrophobic than unmodified ones. The most active biocatalyst achieved a change in the composition of palmitic and stearic acid from a value of 9.6% in the original oil to 49.1% in the final structured lipids, representing an almost 3-fold enzyme hyperactivation. This high conversion was maintained during 7 reuse cycles (168 total hours). The results demonstrated that the chitosan modification was effective in order to adsorb and hyperactivate RM lipases.

► Chitosan particles, suitable as immobilization support, were prepared. ► Carbonated chains were incorporated to chitosan structure by reductive amination. ► Aldehyde concentration and reaction time change the hydrophobicity of the particles. ► Lipases from Rhizomucor miehei were immobilized onto modified chitosan microspheres. ► During acidolysis reaction, biocatalysts showed higher activity than free lipase.

Keywords
Chitosan; Reductive amination; Adsorption; Rhizomucor miehei lipase; Acidolysis; Structured lipids
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Preparation and modification of chitosan particles for Rhizomucor miehei lipase immobilization
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biochemical Engineering Journal - Volume 55, Issue 3, 15 August 2011, Pages 199–207
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us