fulltext.study @t Gmail

Influence of surface topography on biofilm development: Experiment and modeling

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
3744 185 2011 8 PDF Available
Title
Influence of surface topography on biofilm development: Experiment and modeling
Abstract

The effect of surface topography on the long-term development (≈10 weeks) of biofilms has been investigated using a monitoring technique based on images produced by a flat-bed scanner and initially developed for flat surfaces. The biofilm response to rotation speed changes in lab-scale rotating biological contactors (RBCs) has been studied. Two RBCs, each containing five discs (two with flat surfaces and three with rough surfaces) were run initially at two different rotation speeds: 4 rpm for reactor I and 40 rpm for reactor II. After 47 days, the rotation speed was increased in reactor I to 40 rpm and decreased in reactor II to 4 rpm. Prior to the rotation speed change, the biofilm on the flat discs underwent large detachments in both reactors, but the biofilm on rough discs was less extensively damaged. The increase in rotation speed induced large detachments of the biofilm in reactor I on all discs, but the biofilm on the rough discs recovered more effectively with faster regrowth. In reactor II, the decrease in rotation speed favored the development of the biofilm. Wall stress distributions obtained from CFD simulations on flat and rough discs at different rotation speeds were well correlated with experimental observations.

► Biofilm development was monitored successfully on rough surfaces by image analysis. ► Biofilm sloughs more easily from flat surfaces than from rough ones. ► Wall stress across the rotating rough biofilm substratum was modeled by CFD.

Keywords
Biofilm; CFD; Image analysis; Rotating biological contactor; Rough surface
First Page Preview
Influence of surface topography on biofilm development: Experiment and modeling
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us
Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biochemical Engineering Journal - Volume 57, 15 November 2011, Pages 38–45
Authors
, , , , ,
Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us