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Effect of deproteination and deacetylation conditions on viscosity of chitin and chitosan extracted from Crangon crangon shrimp waste

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
3768 187 2011 12 PDF Available
Title
Effect of deproteination and deacetylation conditions on viscosity of chitin and chitosan extracted from Crangon crangon shrimp waste
Abstract

Deproteination of decalcified chitin from Crangon crangon shells and deacetylation to chitosan was investigated to find out optimum conditions for a high viscosity chitosan. Deproteination was carried out with an optimum shrimp shell:alkali (s:a) ratio of 1:4 from 30 °C to 65 °C and at each temperature, incubation times were varied from 2 to 5 h for maximal efficiency. Viscosity of the chemically extracted chitin samples at different temperature–time conditions ranged from 195 to 391 mPa s. A two-way ANOVA with Bonferroni post test was performed on experimental data. Chitin extracted at various temperatures and incubation times was deacetylated with 50% (w/w) NaOH at increasing reaction times. The highest chitosan viscosity of 1976 mPa s was observed in a sample deproteinated for 5 h at 55 °C and deacetylated for 1 h at 105 °C and 2 bar N2 pressure. One-way ANOVA test for chitosan viscosity measurements indicated a significant P value of <0.05. Viscosity was not dependent on acetic acid release during deacetylation. A central composite design (CCD)–response surface analysis (RSA) was carried out and the resulting optimised model solutions confirmed the results. Highly viscous chitin and chitosan compared to commercially available products could be prepared within a short time by selecting suitable process conditions.

► Chitin and chitosan were prepared from shrimp waste within a short processing time. ► Optimum decalcification depends upon protein and the moisture content of the waste. ► Chitosan viscosity was not dependent on acetic acid release during deacetylation. ► Conditions for chitin preparation have a high influence on chitosan viscosity. ► The response surface analysis confirmed the experimental results.

Keywords
Waste treatment; Separation; Optimisation; Shrimp shell:alkali ratio; Viscosity; Response surface analysis (RSA)
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Effect of deproteination and deacetylation conditions on viscosity of chitin and chitosan extracted from Crangon crangon shrimp waste
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biochemical Engineering Journal - Volume 56, Issues 1–2, 15 September 2011, Pages 51–62
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us