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Amylolytic activity and fermentative ability of Saccharomyces cerevisiae strains that express barley α-amylase

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
3809 190 2010 8 PDF Available
Title
Amylolytic activity and fermentative ability of Saccharomyces cerevisiae strains that express barley α-amylase
Abstract

An industrial, ethanol-tolerant strain of Saccharomyces cerevisiae, NRRL Y-132, was genetically engineered to over-express barley α-amylase isozyme 1 such that it was either anchored on the cell surface or secreted into the medium. The recombinant yeast strains were compared for their ability to perform fermentation on soluble starch. Both recombinant yeast strains produced clear halos on starch plates, indicating that they possessed amylolytic activity. In batch fermentation studies, the recombinant yeast strain that secreted barley α-amylase showed starch hydrolysis rates of 0.70 g L−1 h−1 on 20 g L−1 starch, which was almost double that of the anchored form. The addition of exogenous glucoamylase did not enhance starch hydrolysis rates but did increase ethanol yields, presumably by enhancing production of reducing sugars from the oligosaccharides produced by barley α-amylase. The ethanol yield of the secreting strain in batch fermentations containing 20 g L−1 starch was 3.46 g L−1, which was approximately three times higher than the anchored strain. By optimizing the batch fermentation conditions, ethanol yields were obtained that approached 70% of theoretical maximum. The results indicate that barley α-amylase, due to its ability to hydrolyze starch under the low pH conditions that occur during fermentation, should be more closely examined as an amylase source for bioethanol production. Furthermore, our results suggest that yeast strains that secrete α-amylase into the medium may be more efficacious relative to cell surface-displayed systems.

Research highlights▶ • An industrial strain of S.cerevisiae was engineered to express barley α-amylase ▶ ▶ • Barley α-amylase was either secreted or anchored in the cell wall ▶ ▶ • The yeast strain secreting the enzyme showed greatest amylolytic activity ▶ ▶ • Addition of exogenous glucoamylase enhanced ethanol yields from soluble starch

Keywords
Barley α-amylase; Glucoamylase; Bioethanol; Cell-surface display; Fermentation; Recombinant yeast; Starch hydrolysis
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Amylolytic activity and fermentative ability of Saccharomyces cerevisiae strains that express barley α-amylase
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biochemical Engineering Journal - Volume 53, Issue 1, 15 December 2010, Pages 63–70
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us