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Using patents and publications to assess R&D efficiency in the states of the USA ☆

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
38394 45661 2011 7 PDF Available
Title
Using patents and publications to assess R&D efficiency in the states of the USA ☆
Abstract

Even with the USA spending the largest amounts in R&D, its share in total patent grants worldwide has been declining. This decline is also evident in its share of world scientific publications. These developments have been termed by some as the “American Paradox”. Extant research on R&D efficiency and technological innovation capability has considered the USA as a homogeneous entity and has not focused at the sub-national level. This paper analyses the R&D efficiency of 50 US states and the District of Columbia. R&D efficiency is calculated as the ratio of patents granted and scientific publications to R&D expenditures. Only 14 states out of the 51 regions are found to exhibit positive changes in R&D efficiency between 2004 and 2008. Comparing this performance with that of the BRICS nations over the same period we find that Brazil, India, China and South Korea show significant improvements in R&D efficiency with India taking the lead. This research identifies the states in the US with the highest R&D efficiency and presents benchmarks which can be followed by policy interventions. The paper highlights the importance of conducting analyses of R&D efficiency using patents and publications at the sub-national level for informed policy making.

Keywords
Patents; R&D efficiency; American Paradox; USA; BRICS; American states
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Using patents and publications to assess R&D efficiency in the states of the USA ☆
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: World Patent Information - Volume 33, Issue 1, March 2011, Pages 4–10
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us